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Salzburg, the city of Mozart, is the oldest city in Austria and the capital of the Austrian state of Salzburg. It is the fourth largest city in Austria with 148.256 inhabitants and covers an area of 65,64 km².
The average temperature is 9,6°C, the yearly precipitation is about 1.484,7 mm. Salzburg sees the most rain in August with 191,5 mm, while January is the driest month with 73,6 mm of precipitation. July is the hottest month and January is the coldest.
Salzburg is an internationally renowned city of tourism, culture, education and sports. Salzburg is famous especially for its historic Old Town, which was listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996, the Sigmundstor, which is the oldest street tunnel in Austria, Hohensalzburg Castle, which is one of the largest castles in Europe and Hellbrunn with its parks and splendid fountains. The Old Town is known for its secular buildings such as Alte and Neue Residenz, which today accommodate the Salzburg Museum Carolino Augusteum, the old University with Saecellum and big auditorium, the Festspielhaus with Felsenreitschule and lots more.
Getreidegasse is probably one of the world’s best known shopping streets and you also find Mozart’s birthplace on this street. Other places of interest are the Cathedral Square with Immaculate Column (Mariensäule), Kapitelplatz (Chapter Square), Residence Square with Residence Fountain, Mozart Square with Mozart Statue or the Old Market with Floriani Fountain.
Visitors to Salzburg will be thrilled by the city’s sacred buildings such as the cathedral, Sankt Peter monastery, Nonnberg monastery or the works by the renowned architect J.B. Fischer von Erlach - Kollegienkirche, Dreifaltigkeitskirche, Markuskirche or Johannsspitalkirche. Mirabell Castle, the famous Mirabell Garden, Aigen Castle or Leopoldskron Castle should also not be missed.
Modern architecture can be found outside the historic Old Town: Faculty of Natural Sciences in Nonntal, the glass construction of Hangar 7 at Salzburg Airport, home of the Red Bull-Aeroplane Museum, and the Salzburg Museum of Modern Art at the bottom of Mönchsberg. Famous Salzburg museums are: Folklore Museum, Toy Museum, Fortress and Panorama Museum, House of Nature, Cathedral Museum Mozart’s Birthplace, Hangar 7 and Stiegl Brewery.
Big sports events do not takes place very often in Salzburg. Every year the Salzburg Marathon is organised. In 2006 Salzburg successfully hosted the Road Cycling World Championship and Salzburg was one of the venues during the 2008 European Football Championship.
Salzburg W. A. Mozart Airport is the second most important airport in Austria with increasing transportation numbers due to strong winter tourism. Salzburg Station is an architectural highlight and Salzburg Junction is an important north-south and west-east connection.
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