The Principality of Liechtenstein is located in Central Europe and is one of the smallest countries in the world. The land area covers only 160 square kilometers and borders Austria in the east and Switzerland in the west where the Rhine forms a natural border. 36,000 people live in the small principality, nearly half of which consists of mountains. There are 32 peaks in Liechtenstein over 2,000 meters high. The highest point is the summit of Vorder Grauspitz at 2,599 meters. From here people can enjoy an impressive panorama view of the Rätikon range and the neighboring countries.
The principality was created in 1719 from the unification of the dominion of Schellenberg and the countship of Vaduz. Prince Hans Adam, who bought these two counties from the indebted rulers of Hohenems, installed the princely seat at the time in Feldkirch, Austria. Today Vaduz is the political center of the country. With the Customs Union Treaty with Switzerland in 1923, the country, until then poorly economically developed, of Liechtenstein boomed and is now one of the few countries without a national debt.