The Kingdom of Spain is mainly located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Territory includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of smaller islands off the coast of Morocco. On the European mainland Spain borders the English enclave of Gibraltar in the south, Portugal in the west and Andorra and France in the east. The origins of modern Spain are found in the 11th Century BC when Phoenicians settled the area. With nearly 5,000 kilometers of coastline, the country developed into an important maritime power over the centuries. The discovery of America by Christopher Columbus briefly also helped Spain rise to world power. Today, 46.7 million people live in the kingdom spanning 500,000 square kilometers. The four official languages are Castilian (Spanish), Catalan, Basque and Galician.