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Prague (Czech: Praha) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. The area on which Prague was founded was settled as early as the Palaeolithic age. The many different cultural influences Prague experienced during the centuries has made it a multicultural and open city. Prague is steeped in historical architecture, especially Gothic and Baroque architecture. Prague is home to around 1,2 million people and is twinned with Paris and Nuremberg.
Visitors to Prague will enjoy experiencing the city’s rich history and unique atmosphere. The towers of sandstone, which glimmer golden in the sun, gave the city its nickname - “golden city”. Prague‘s Charles University was founded in 1348 and proves the city’s permanent artistic, scientific and intellectual efforts.
The city centre of Prague is very well known for its sights such as Prague Castle with St. Vitus Cathedral and Charles Bridge. Both locals and visitors alike love the charming Old Town boasting lovely little cafés and narrow streets. Prague coffeehouse culture started in the late 19th/early 20th century and is presently enjoying a renaissance. Also worth mentioning: the City Hall and Astronomical Clock with hourly chime, the residence of the Czech president with traditional guard mounting at noon. The 60m tall Petřín lookout tower strongly resembles the Paris Eiffel Tower and offers a breathtaking view of Prague and its environs. Prague has a great number of renowned museums such as the National Museum at Wnzlas Square (Národní museum). Lovers of contemporary art will definitely enjoy a visit to Dox Museum, which opened in 2008.
Music lovers have to pay Prague a visit. The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra is considered one of the world’s best. The renowned composers Antonín Dvořak and Bedřich Smetana both spent most of their lives in Prague. Some of their pieces premiered here in Prague. The Bedřich-Smetana-Museum is dedicated to this great musician. Since 1946 the Prague Spring International Music Festival has opened on the anniversary of the death of Smetana with his cycle of symphonic poems Má vlast (My Country).
Franz Kafka is Prague’s best known writer, but little was published during his lifetime and attracted scant public attraction. Only after World War II, 20 years after his death, he gained international recognition. Today, there is the Kafka Museum, the Franz-Kafka-Square and street (Náměstí Franze Kafky).